Not too far into our collective past, access to food resources (land, forests, and waterways) was considered a universal right and an integral part of the commons. But these common lands have been, over time, subjected to the process of enclosure.
Today agribusiness controls the means of food production and distribution in much of the world, creating uncertainty around the fulfillment of this most basic of human needs.
FAO is the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and they produced the following infographic.
Already one in nine people on the planet do not have enough food to lead a healthy, active life. To provide for a population projected to reach 9.3 billion in 2050 and support changing dietary patterns, it’s estimated that food production will need to increase by at least 50%. But as supplies of fresh water are increasingly under stress, along with the advent of unchecked climate change, we are facing an unprecedented challenge to feeding the world’s people.
Our long-term food security is at risk. A movement toward “sustainable agriculture” requires an integrated system of plant and animal production practices having a site-specific application and control, together with a distribution system that does not rely on corporate, transnational supermarkets. This system will satisfy human food and fiber needs and address social, economic and environmental dimensions to ensure sustainability is relevant and responsive to local needs. Sustainable agriculture will make efficient use of renewable and nonrenewable resources and natural biological cycles and controls. It will support the economic viability of farm operations, wherever possible, through a system of cooperatives.
World Resources Institute: